Pune, Maharashtras IT and culture capital, is a vibrant, burgeoning city. The second largest city in Maharashtra, and eight largest in India , Pune has earned a number of soubriquets; "The Oxford of the East", "The Pensioners Paradise" and "The Automobile City". Home to numerous educational institutions, traditional heavy industries, cutting edge IT companies, dynamic BPO's, stud farms, and an international meditation centre, alongside an Air-Force base, and an army Cantonment, the character of the city is as rich and diverse as its inhabitants. Students from all over the country flock its borders, its IT and BPO industry attract talent from all over the world. Over the last decade Pune has grown at an astronomical rate. Entire suburbs have sprung up where there existed scarcely a building or two a dozen years ago. The early lack of development in these fringe areas is responsible for the large self-contained housing complexes that now dominate Pune. Growth in Pune radiates outwards from the new IT parks. Employing thousands of highly paid professionals, these parks have created millionaires overnight, who like to enjoy their new success. Malls, multiplexes, pubs, bars and discos have mushroomed all over town. Retail is the next big story, and the city malls and supermarkets cater to every single segment of society. However, while the city's industrial development is changing the face of the city, Pune is still primarily a university town.
Archeological evidence indicates that the Rashtrkootas ruled Punya Vishaya (as Pune was known then) about 758-768 A.D. Later, the Yadav's ruled the region and Pune was called as Punaka Desh / Punaka Wadi t\during that time. The transition from Punya Vishaya to Pune took about 1000 years.
Pune is ensconced in the western ghats of the Sahyadri mountain range, and has a healthy climate throughout the year. Pune occupies about 43.8 sq. miles of land and is situated at the confluence of the rivers Mula and Mutha.
Pune is home to a number of prestigious scientific institutes in astrophysics, advanced computation, bio informatics, virology, etc. and academic institutes of higher learning like the University of Pune, and Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. Pune city has the largest student population in Asia, and is rightly called as the cultural capital of western Maharashtra.
Pune offers scenic natural ambience as it is surrounded by hills on all sides.
Pune was earlier hailed as 'Pensioner's paradise'. Many a people preferred to choose an apartment in Pune to settle down. However, the explosive growth in IT sector in the past few years has changed Pune into a modern city. Many IT giants have their presence in Pune city. Proximity to Mumbai, and the opening of the Expressway, have put Pune well on the global map.
Pune offers a wide choice of education options, good health care facilities, entertainment centres, and a healthy lifestyle.
Pune has an excellent infrastructure, and is Maharashtra's leading industrial city.
With all these plus points, choosing a flat in Pune - for residential purpose or for investment - is an ideal choice indeed!
With low rate of interest in banks, fixed deposits, ups and downs of stock markets and plunging returns on mutual funds, Pune real estate investment is in the limelight again. The growth in real estate sector is ongoing even into the year 2006. This boom in Pune real estate market has further accelerated with the decision of the Government of India to allow 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the construction and development sector.
Pune real estate is emerging as a new hotspot and the city may see the biggest growth in commercial real estate development and demand in the coming year. The extraordinary demand for land has sent the prices soaring. The most common hoardings that dot the city is likely to read "1/2/3 BHK flats available for IT professionals". Swanky malls, plush residential complexes, large multiplexes, and world-class hotels have come up in large numbers in Pune these days.
Pune has totally transformed itself into a Silicon Valley. The Kharadi-Kalyani Nagar belt has undergone dramatic transformation and is unrecognizable. The Pune real estate agents are convinced that there is
Pune is the second largest city of state Maharashtra in India. The city is also called as the "Queen of the Deccan," situated 560 meters above sea level on the Deccan plateau and is the cultural capital of Marathi people.
Location: 18Â° 32"North latitude and 73Â° 51" East longitude.
The official language of Pune is Marathi. English and Hindi are used for official and commercial purposes. Most people on the streets understand and converse in English.
India has a single time zone. It is 5.5 hours ahead of the GMT, 4.5 hours behind the Australian Eastern Standard time and 11.5 hours ahead of American Eastern Standard Time (winter).
Weather in Pune is very pleasant. Temperature in Pune ranges from 10Â°C to 42Â°C
Usually 220 volts AC, 50Hz some areas have a DC supply. Plugs used are of the round two and three pin type. Adapters and voltage converters come handy if plan to operate electrical and electronic appliances
International Direct Dialling service is widely available all over India.
Otherwise calls must be placed through the international operator. Country code: 91. Outgoing international code: 00. Pune City code: 020.
India operates on GSM 900 networks. Coverage is extensive. Your cell phone should support GSM 900.
How to reach
Mumbai is well connected to national and international destinations with both national and international air carriers. Needless to say you can reach anywhere from Mumbai in no time. Mumbai is centrally located and exudes a huge potential to be transformed into a transit hub of South Asia
The city has two railway stations, one in the city and the other at Shivajinagar. Daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Howrah, Delhi, Jammutawi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, and so on.
The Pune International Airport serves two international direct flights: one to Dubai (operated by Air India Express), and one to Frankfurt (operated by Lufthansa). Apart from domestic flights to all major Indian cities are available.
- Pune University, Pune
- Defence Institute of Armament Technology, Pune
- Maharashtra Institute of Technology School of Distance Education (MITSDE), Pune
- Dr. D.Y. Patil University
- Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University
- Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
- Indian Institute of Science Education and Research
- Institute of Armament Technology
- Symbiosis International University
- Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth
- Dnyaneshwar Vidyapeeth
Though Pune is not a typical tourist destination, it still houses numerous rare specimen of history and several other attractive places. Hugely popular with the corporate travellers, this friendly city has plenty to offer to those who love art, literature and culture
Aga Khan Palace
Built in 1892 by Aga Khan III, the architecture of the palace is an imitation of the mid-18th century American era having touches of the Baroque. Apart from its architectural beauty, this place is historically important. During "Quit India Movement" in 1942, the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Karturba Gandhi and Mahadeobhai Desai were imprisoned here. It was here only Kasturba and Mahadeobahi, took their last breath. Marble memorials of the departed soul surrounded with well spread out lawns make the memorial a beautiful site.
Immensely popular with the kids, it is located at Indira Gandhi Udyan. It offers several amusement activities. This lovely theme park with its well-manicured lawns and illuminated pathways is a popular picnic spot.
Now known as as the Mahatma Gandhi Udyan, it is located on the right bank of the Mula Mutha river.
A beautiful gift of Sir Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy, it was mainly constructed for providing water to the poor during summer. Today it is a popular with the featness freak as it offers several well-designed jogging track and boating facilities. The garden is away from the noisy environment of the city, surrounded by beautiful flowers, it offers great relaxation.
Chatushrungi Mata Temple
Located on a hillock off Senapati Bapat Road, this temple is dedicated to the Goddess which attracts thousand of devotees during Navaratri festival.
Constructed by David Sassoon in 1861 in Byculla near to Pune, it is a fine replica of Victorian architectural style, efficiently managed by Sit Jacob Sassoon Charity trust. The frontal pillars reflect Gothic style.
It was the birth place of the poet saint Tukaram located at the shore of the Indravati River. Dehu Temple, built by the youngest son of Tukaram, is believed to be built in the 18th century.Lord Pandurang is the main deity here. The place Tukaram attained Moksha is situated nearby. There is a rock on which Tukaram observed 13 day fast in standing and a garden dedicated to his wife situated nearby Dehu. A temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is a prime religious attraction in Dehu.
Katraj Snake Park
Established in 1986, it is replete with a collection of reptiles, birds and turtles. With the opening of a zoo, this park is a delight for the animal lovers .It houses the rare species of Brown Palm Civet. A zoo and a garden located nearby are also worth visiting.
Mahatma Phule Museum
Established in 1875, presently known as Mahatma Phule Vastu Sangrahalaya, it is located in the heart of the city. The museum houses marble statues, brassware items, stone carvings and oil paintings. It also displays several acts, textile and jewelry items, handicrafts and items related to geology, agriculture, forestry, natural history and industry. It has a well-maintained library.
Mulshi Lake and Dam
A perfect picnic spot surrounded by scenic beauty. The Lake is formed in the catchments area of Mulshi dam. The place is full of dense forests offering the spectacular view of several wild animals, colored birds and trees. It has ancient forts like Koraigadh and Dhangad.
National War Museum
Built in memory of the great sacrifice made by the India's war fighters by express citizen's forum, an organization of Pune citizens.
Founded by Osho Rajneesh, the Osho International Commune situated in Koregaon park spans over 32 acres of beautiful campus. Thousands of foreigners come to take part in the meditation courses organized by the Ashram. An international meditation resort for yoga and meditation, it organizes regular training programs on spiritual uplift .Its serene ambience is ideally suited for self introspection.
Panshet Water Park
Located in the beautiful natural setting, this water park is lying between Varasgaon Dam and Panshet Dam. It is an ideal spot that offers plenty of opportunities for water sports like kayaking, swimming, water scooters, excellent rides on speed boats and wind surfing. Adventure lovers will have a great time here.
Parvati Hill Temples
Built during 17th century, this temple is located on the Parvati hill. Originally, only the Peshwa rulers used to pray in this temple. It has the idols of Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha, Lord Vishu, Devateshwar and Lord Karthikeya. An ideal place for trekking. Nearby attractions include Parvati Museum that houses old manuscripts, rare coins and weapons.
An artificial lake located in the outskirts of the city, this lake is the natural abode of many migratory birds. During the rainy season, the lake becomes colourful and vibrant with rare species of birds. It also offers a relaxing atmosphere
Carved out of a single hard stone, it is located in the middle of Jangli Maharaj Road. The main deity of the temple is Pataleshwar. The construction style resembles the Elephanta caves. At the entrance of the cave temple, there is another temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and a Nandi Mandapam.
Raja Dinakar Kelkar Museum
IEstablished in 1962 by Baba Dinkar Kelkar in memory of his son and donated to the Maharashtra government in 1975, this museum houses 20,000 different articles personally collected by Baba Kelkar from every nook and corner of the world.
Sitting like a flat oyster, it is located at one end of the city. Sarasbaug surrounded by lush greenery offers ideal jogging and walking tracks and it is also the meeting point of several puneites. The garden houses a famous temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha built in 1774 by Madhav Rao Peshwa. There is a Ganesh Murthi museum having large number of Ganesh statues.
Built by Bajirao 1st in 1736, the Shaniwar Wada was once the palace of the great Peshwa rulers. The historic palace of the Peshwa (Prime Ministers) rulers became the seat of political power during the reign of Bajirao. To this date, the palace has become the symbol of the city and its culture The wada (Fort) was destroyed in a major fire in 1827, the cause of which remains a mystery till date
Situated at a place called Wanowri, this building is constructed as a memorial of the Maratha noble character Shri Mahadju Shinde. The most distinct feature of the building apart from its splendid architecture is that the building has been constructed following the rules of Vaasthu Hara
St. Mary's Church
An ancient church built by British people in 1825,its structure is a delightful blend of British and Indian architectural styles. The church still uses pipe organs of about 130 years old and the mortal remains of Sir Robert Grant, the reputed writer of religious lyrics is placed under the floors of the church
Managed and maintained by Tribal Research and training Institute, museum showcases the social and cultural life of various tribes namely Marai, tribes, Bahiram tribes, Wagdheo tribes and Danteswari tribes
The Film and Television Institute of India
Situated in the Law College Street of Pune, it is a seat of learning for the actors and technicians. This institute has produced many top-notched famed actors, directors, technicians in the Indian Film Industry
Perched on a steep hill, Sinhagad or the Lion Fort is situated around 25 kilometers southwest of Pune hill. In 1670 Tanaji Malusre, a general of Shivaji climbed the steep hill in dark with his men and defeated the forces of Bijapur.
A typical Pune meal comprises of the following items.
- Puran Poli (a sweet paratha with pulses/dal)
- Amti (masala dal)
- Pithla Bhakri (masala chickpea gravy with a stiff roti)
- Varan Bhat (dal and rice)
- Matki Ki Usal (masala sprouts)
- Thali pith (a spicy chickpea based pancake)
- Alu chi Vadi (steamed and fried potatoes)
Puran poli-a delicacy prepared on any festive occasion in Maharashtra. It is a sweet dish made during the festival of Diwali and Holi. It is also called as holige, obbattu, bobatlu in different parts of India. Its unique flavour and characteristic aroma can be attributed to the special indian spices used.
Baghare baingan is a traditional eggplant or stuffed brinjal recipe with the brinjals slit and then filled with a paste comprising of sesame seeds, peanuts, masalas and nuts. These baigans are then stir fried in hot oil and served hot with rotis garnished with coriander leaves and a dash of limejuice.
This palace was build by Bajiroa 1st in the 18th century. It was a 13 storey building . It used to be the head quarter of the Peshwas and it symbolizes Pune 's culture. Currently renovated & there are plans to have a lights & music show. The main part is left is Nagarkhana which gives good inside view.
This is a famous landmark in Pune city. Agakhan Palace is the place where Mahatma Gandhi, Karturba Gandhi and Mahadeobhai Desai were imprisoned during the "Quit India Movement" in 1942. Marble memorials were put later on in the memory of Kasturba and Mahadeobahi, both of them breathed their last in this place.
In Pune, Dadaji built a palace 'Lal Mahal', for Shivaji and his mother Jijabai. At the age of sixteen (1643 A.D.) Formerly Synagogue, Now it is newly Re- constructed by Pune Muncipal Corporation .It is a red brick structure standing very prominently in the heart of the city. There is a statue of "Jijamata " ( Shree Shivaji's Mother ) and there is garden also for small kids to spend their evenings.This place is just next to Shaniwarwada .
One man show is the way to describe this museum. It is a collection of Mughal antiques which include paintings, instruments, lamps & different types of nut crackers. The Mastani Mahal which was made over here after dislodging it from its original place takes the cake.
The building built in the memory of Mahadji Scindia who was great Maratha noble man. It is about 4kms away from Pune camp.
The carving and beauty of the temple is worth a look.
Vishram Baug Wada
300 years back Bajirao Peshwas ( II ) built this place .The carved woodwork of the balcony which surrounds the entrance of this building is the example of the fine work of ancient Maratha rulers .After Peshwas this place was used as a jail .Pune Municipal Corporation is soon changing this place as museum.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is a name in the Indian Freedom struggle which cannot be overseen by anyone. He was the one who wrote the Indian Constitution. As soon as you enter the Museum one gets to know many things about this man right from his birth till his death. As you enter from the door to your left there is a chair, on which Dr. Ambedkar wrote the constitution for a country with various religions, castes, creeds etc.
The two chairs, on which Dr. Ambedkar used to rest could be seen. In the same way his footwear, the clothes and a fur cap remind about the 4th conference on Buddhism held in Nepal (14 Nov 1953). His travel accessories and gardening scissors, the dining table and chairs on which Ambedkar's family had their food, their utensils which give an idea of his family life, reminding the precious time of his life is a wall clock, his two suitcases which he took while traveling outside India and the Violin which Babasaheb used to learn could also be seen. The bed on which Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar breath his last and the portrayal of his lying on that bed can be seen.
There is a silver ink bottle on which the Queens picture can be seen, which was presented to him by the then Governor General of India Lord Mount Batten . In the same way a letter in his own hand writing, night lamp, a paper weight on which the name of Babasaheb Ambedkar has been carved, on the small cupboard the silver frame of this specs are kept in the museum. After the museum finishes we see a statue of his which is made up of marble. When you climb up the stairs you can see the lines written on the Bharat Ratna award which he received from President K. R. Venkatraman. It is worth spending time in this museum.
Mahatma Phule Museum
In the Mahatma Phule Museum you can see various industrial products, agricultural and handicraft articles. It was started in 1890 by the name of ' Lord Ray Museum' . It is situated on Ghole Road, Shivaji nagar in Pune. The peculiarity of this museum is that there samples of the body structures of all animals from elephants to seal fishes. If you are wishing to see this museum you can go here by hiring a auto rickshaw.
Telltale signs of modern civilization stare one in the face. Cement dampers stand outside the courtyard where once Sayajirao Gaikwad, the prince of Baroda state used to live. The Wada built by the Gaikwads is being pulled down to make way for a modern structure. This was the Wada where nightlong discussions were held on how to overthrow colonial rule. Bal Gangadhar Tilak bought the Wada from Sayajirao Gaikwad in 1905. Tilak brought out his two newspapers, the Kesari, in Marathi and Maratha in English from here. The Wada continues to house the offices of Kesari, and mementos of Tilak, including his writing desk original letters and documents, and the first India national flag unfurled by Madame Cama. A statue of Tilak indicates the building in which he resided. The Wada is visited by a large number of people during the Ganapati festival, the public celebrations of which we started by Tilak in the courtyard of this Wada over a century ago. Kesari Wada
Telltale signs of modern civilization stare one in the face. Cement dampers stand outside the courtyard where once Sayajirao Gaikwad, the prince of Baroda state used to live. The Wada built by the Gaikwads is being pulled down to make way for a modern structure. This was the Wada where nightlong discussions were held on how to overthrow colonial rule. Bal Gangadhar Tilak bought the Wada from Sayajirao Gaikwad in 1905. Tilak brought out his two newspapers, the Kesari, in Marathi and Maratha in English from here. The Wada continues to house the offices of Kesari, and mementos of Tilak, including his writing desk original letters and documents, and the first India national flag unfurled by Madame Cama. A statue of Tilak indicates the building in which he resided. The Wada is visited by a large number of people during the Ganapati festival, the public celebrations of which we started by Tilak in the courtyard of this Wada over a century ago.
IThis Museum is in 'Kesari' Press in Narayan Peth. It is only few kms away from Pune station. Any auto will take you to this place. All things used by Lokmanya Tilak are kept here. The copy of famous granth 'Gita Rahasya' wrote by Tilak in 'Mandale' is the main attraction of this museum .
It was the residence of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule. It is Ganj Peth, which is a few kms away from Pune station. Now it is a National property. There is a half statue of Mural in the memory of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule at this place. Visiting this place will not be a difficult job because any auto can easily drop you at this place.
National War Museum
The idea of the National War Memorial was first put forth in 1996. The citizens of Pune, under the sponsorship of the Express Citizens' Forum, set up the War Memorial fund. The comittee asked the citizens of the city to contribute to the fund. From the ordinary common citizen to the Big corporates, all contributed whole heartedly for the museum. The Foundation was laid in November 1997 and inaugurated in October 1998.The memorial is a 25-foot stone pillar .
This Museum falls to the East of the Railway station. This museum incorporates in itself some excellent documentation on the Maharastra's tribal communities. It mostly documents the cultures of the communities from the Sahyadri and Gondhavana regions. The museum is open for all in the week days from 10 am to 5 pm.
Beaches in Pune:
Dahanu - Bordi
A quiet seaside town with a sprawling, uncluttered beach, is situated in Thane District. The Dahanu-Bordi stretch is 17 kms.
This once-barren land thrived under Irani settlers, an earthy people. Dahanu is lined with fruit orchards and is famous for its chickoo fruit. Accessible from Dahanu is Udwada - an important place of worship for the Zoroastrians - with a large, beautiful temple that houses their sacred fire. An amazing fact but true, this fire has been kept alive for almost a thousand years.
Mandwa - Kihim
Getting There: Dahanu Road is the nearest railhead, which is just 2 and 1/2 hours from Mumbai. By road, Mumbai is 145 kms away.
Accommodation: The MTDC resort is available.
You will find these two beach fronts 12 miles north of Alibag on the north coast and easily accessible from Mumbai. Mandwa is a beautiful, untrodden beach. On a clear day one can enjoy a long, breathtaking view across the bay, up to the Gateway of India. Mandwa village too, has a charm of its own -- with its beautiful groves of coconut palms.
You can plan an unusual tent holiday nearby at Kihim. Unspoilt and isolated, this beautiful place has a soothing effect on all city dwellers. For the nature lover, Kihim has a lot to offer: woods brimming with wild flowers and rare butterflies and birds.
Worth visiting is the Kolaba Fort, just a furlong away from the shore. 15 kms from Alibag is Chaul, an historic place with Portuguese ruins, Buddhist Caves, the Hamam Khana, a church, a temple and even a synagogue.
Getting There: It is accessible by boats and road. There is regular ferry service between the Gateway of India and Mandwa Jetty. For Kihim, one can take an auto-rickshaw or bus further onwards. By road, Kihim is 136 kms from Mumbai.