Mumbai is the financial capital and the most populous city in India. It is the capital of the state of Maharashtra and home to 20 million people. Mumbai’s diversity and vibrancy display the city’s true personality. Along with the neighboring urban areas of Thane and Navi Mumbai, this city forms one of the most heavily populated regions in Asia. With its diverse set of people, Mumbai is also the home ground for many reputed enterprises and organizations.
Formerly known as Bombay, the name of the city is derived from the Hindu Goddess Mumbadevi. Mumbai is an archipelago of seven islands. Its rich history can be experienced through its architecture and the relics of the past. This global city is ever-evolving and welcoming.
Mumbai offers a wide choice of attractions for tourists that they should definitely not miss while visiting the city. This city with its intrinsic charm delights each kind of tourist- whether a foodie, a shopaholic or a history enthusiast.
The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of seven islands on the west coast of India, becoming the commercial capital of the nation, and one of the most populous cities in the world. Although human habitation existed since the Stone Age, the Kolis, a marathi fishing community, were the earliest known settlers of the islands. The Maurya Empire gained control of the islands during the 3rd century BCE, and transformed it into a centre of Hindu and Buddhist culture and religion. Later, between the 2nd century BCE and 9th century CE, the islands came under the control of successive indigenous dynasties: Satavahanas, Abhiras, Vakatakas, Kralachuris, Konkan Mauryas, Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas, before being ruled by the Silharas from 810 to 1260.
King Bhimdev established his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century, and brought many settlers to the islands. The Muslim rulers of Gujarat captured the islands in 1348, and they were later governed by the Gujarat Sultanate from 1391 to 1534. The Treaty of Bassein between the Portuguese viceroy Nuno da Cunha and Bahadur Shah of the Gujarat Sultanate placed the islands into Portuguese possession in 1534. Charles II of England received possession of the islands in 1661 as part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, and leased them to the English East
The history and origin of Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) goes like this. Bombay was initially a group of seven islands on the Konkan coastline, occupied by Koli fishermen. Until Sultan Muhamed Begada seized the islands, Bombay was inhabited by the Hindus. Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese traveler, was the first person to explore the sea-route to Bombay. The discovery led to repeated attacks by the Portuguese, who eventually captured the islands in 1534.
Before long, Bombay developed into an important trading post. Reclamation was started and Gerald Aungier, the Governor persuaded businessmen from all parts of the country to come and settle in Bombay. He was titled the 'Father of Bombay' seeing that during his time, Bombay developed into a major commercial centre. The booming port attracted the capitalist communities like the Parsis, Gujaratis and Marwaris, who established trading companies and factories.
In 1708, Bombay became the headquarters of the East India Company. During the 18th century, the population considerably increased and basic amenities were introduced to the city. Bombay saw construction of various buildings, monuments, railway stations, offices, banks etc in the 19th century. By the year 1862, the seven islands were coupled together to figure one expanse. With the advent of the Great Indian Peninsular Railways, the city received enhanced means of communication.
As soon as the Suez Canal was opened in 1869, Bombay flourished as an international port and reinforced itself as the chief commercial and industrial center in India. It was declared the capital of Bombay state, once India became independent in 1947. In 1960, Maharashtra, the state, came into existence and Bombay state was dissolved to make its capital. Bombay was named as Mumbai after 'Mumbadevi', the patron goddess of Koli fisher folks in 1995.
MUMBAI, the capital city of Maharashtra State is the most populous state in India and 4th most populous city in the world. Population of approxmately 20.5 million people & Agglomerated area 727 sq. kms on the Deccan Plateau.
Location: 17o E 22’ N Latitude & 78 o 27’ Longitude
The official language of Mumbai is Marathi but there are various other regional languages spoken by the people of the state of Maharashtra. English and Hindi are used for official and commercial purposes. Most people on the streets understand and converse in English.
India has a single time zone. It is 5.5 hours ahead of the GMT, 4.5 hours behind the Australian Eastern Standard time and 11.5 hours ahead of American Eastern Standard Time (winter).
Weather in Mumbai is very pleasant. Temperature in Mumbai ranges from 10Ã‚Â°C to 42Ã‚Â°C.
Usually 220 volts AC, 50Hz some areas have a DC supply. Plugs used are of the round two and three pin type. Adapters and voltage converters come handy if plan to operate electrical and electronic appliances
International Direct Dialling service is widely available all over India.
Otherwise calls must be placed through the international operator. Country code: 91. Outgoing international code: 00. Mumbai City code: 22.
India operates on GSM 900 networks. Coverage is extensive. Your cell phone should support GSM 900.
How to reach
Mumbai is well connected to national and international destinations with both national and international air carriers. Needless to say you can reach anywhere from Mumbai in no time. Mumbai is centrally located and exudes a huge potential to be transformed into a transit hub of South Asia
Being the head quarter of Central Railway, Mumbai is well connected from all major cities of India. There are railway stations at Mumbai (Nampally) and Kachiguda also. Trains leaving from these two stations can be boarded at Secunderabad railway station.
Mumbai, being Capital city is well connected by Road from all major cities in Maharahtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Orissa.
University of Mumbai
University of Mumbai - Institute of Distance Education
Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai (IIT-M)
Bhaba Atomic Research Center, Mumbai
Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai
International Institute For Population Sciences, Mumbai
NMIMS University, Mumbai
Narsee Monjee Institute of Management & Higher Studies (NMIMS)
NIMIS University School of Distance Learning, Mumbai
Padmashree Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Mumbai
SNDT Womens University, Mumbai
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai
- Elephanta Caves
- Kanheri Caves
- Worli Fort
- Mahim Fort
- Old Bombay
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
- BMC Headquarters
- Hutatma Chowk
- Worli Fort
- David Sassoon Library
- Gateway of India
- Rajabai Tower
- Mount Mary's Church
- Crawford Market
- Bombay High Court
- Ballard Bunder Gatehouse
- South Mumbai
Places of worship
- Girgaum Chowpatty
- Dadar Chowpatty
- Juhu Beach
- Versova Beach
- Madh Island
- Aksa Beach
- Marvé Beach
- Powai Lake
- Mumba Devi Mandir
- Mahalaxmi Temple
- Siddhivinayak temple
- Shitala Devi Temple
- Walkeshwar Temple
- Swaminarayan Mandir
- Haji Ali
- Mahim Church
- INS Vikrant
- Prince of Wales Museum
- Mani Bhavan
- National Gallery of Modern Art
Taj Mahal Palace and Tower
Akuri on toast
The Bombay sandwich
Butter garlic crab
Dhoklas and farsaan
Fish and prawn curry
Patra ni machhi
Sorpatel and vindaloo
Address: Apollo Bunder, Mumbai, 400 001, India, IN
Tel: +91 022 6665 3366
The majestic Taj Mahal Palace and Tower is an especially important local landmark and located along the Apollo Bunder, next to the harbour. Built more than 100 years ago, at the turn of the 20th century, the palace faces the equally impressive Gateway of India and is one of the city's most luxurious hotels, with more than 500 guest rooms. Look out for the grand central staircase, which is worth a look if you are visiting one of the palaces restaurants.
Address: Bhulabhai Desai Road, Mumbai, 400 026, India, IN
Gateway of India
This famous Hindu landmark is one of Mumbai's busiest and most notable temples, being dedicated to the Indian goddess of wealth (Mahalaxmi). The Mahalaxmi Temple hosts a number of religious events and is the focus for the city's popular Festival of Nine Nights (Navratri), which takes place each October as part of the Deepavaali celebrations.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus/Mumbai Railway Station)
Mumbai's most recognized monument, the Gateway of India, was constructed to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to the city. It was completed in 1920 and remains as a striking symbol of the British Raj era. After this era ended in 1947, the last of the British troops departed through the Gateway of India. The looming Gateway is designed to be the first thing that visitors see when approaching Mumbai by boat. It's also a popular place to start exploring Mumbai. These days the atmosphere around the monument resembles a circus at times, with numerous vendors peddling everything from balloons to Indian tea.
At the site of the Koli's original temple to Mumba Devi now stands Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus - one of Mumbai's most prominent buildings and architecturally Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus one of the finest railway stations in the world.It is also the headquarter of Central Railways.The busiest railway stationIt is built in a style that combines Gothic and Indian influences. It was completed in 1885. Designed by F.W. Stevens the construction of the building commenced in 1878. This Italian gothic building was once called Victoria Terminus and is still largely popular by the name. The construction has a frontage of over 1,500 feet.The station was nominated as a World Heritage site by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO
The administrative offices form three sides of a rectangle enclosing an ornamental garden, the entrance gate guarded by a massive stone Lion and Tiger. The most prominent feature of this building is the high 160 feet dome crowning the centre. On top of the giant dome is the figure of a woman with a torch held aloft to symbolise progress.