Hyderabad
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Hyderabad

Charminar-Hyderabad

The cyberabad Remembered as the dominion of the Nizams, with a singular emblem- The Charminar, Hyderabad is a lively 400 year old and also the capital of Andhra Pradesh. It was built by Muhammad Quli for Rani Bhagmati as a token of love. Being a fifth largest metro polis, most happening, which is awfully attracting the people across the globe. The city not only known for historical places but also one of the IT hubs among the top players. And no need to say how famous Hyderabad biryani is.

Rich of fascinated places like museums, parks, gardens, monuments, sanctuaries etc. Under the Charminar, by the grand Mecca Masjid, lies the old city. Hyderabad is popularly known for its pearls, which are also exported oversees. The Telugu Film Industry or Tollywood is also here. Nowhere can you find the the warm hospitability of the hyderabadis as they embracing not only tourists but also the migrants.

Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh (AP) and the fifth largest city of India. While AP is known as the most IT savvy state in India, Hyderabad is emerging as a major center for IT exports. It's share in Indian IT exports is about 12%. The city is galloping towards its dream of becoming the Silicon Valley of India. Today, it is home to many international companies and global IT majors including Microsoft, CA, Oracle, IBM, Dell, Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Satyam and others. Apart from IT, Hyderabad is also emerging as a leader in the pharma, insurance and tourism sectors. In addition, it also houses the state ministries, defense undertakings and research and development organizations

History:
Hyderabad the capital of Andhra Pradesh, founded in the year 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty, offers a fascinating panorama of the past, with richly mixed cultural and historical tradition spanning over 400 years. It is one of the fastest growing cities of India and has emerged as a strong industrial, commercial, technology center, gives a picture of glimpses of past splendors and the legacy of its old history. The history of Hyderabad begins with the establishment of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. Quli Qutb Shah seized the reins of power from the Bahamani kingdom in 1512 and established the fortress city of Golconda. Inadequacy of water and frequent epidemics of plague and cholera persuaded Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah to venture outward to establish new city with the Charminar at its centre and with four great roads fanning out four cardinal directions. Hyderabad's fame, strategic location and Golconda's legendary wealth attracted Aurangzeb who captured Golconda after a long seize in 1687.


The Geographic
HYDERABAD (5th Largest City in India), the capital city of Andhra Pradesh State (3rd Largest State in India). Population of more than 50 Lacs & Agglomerated area 727 sq. kms on the Deccan Plateau.

Location: 17o E 22' N Latitude & 78 o 27' Longitude
General Information
Language
The official language of Hyderabad is Telugu but there are various other regional languages spoken by the people of the state of Andhra Pradesh. English is used for official and commercial purposes. Most people on the streets understand and converse in English. The other languages popular here in Hyderabad are Urdu and Hindi.
Time Zone
India has a single time zone. It is 5.5 hours ahead of the GMT, 4.5 hours behind the Australian Eastern Standard time and 11.5 hours ahead of American Eastern Standard Time (winter).
Climate
Weather in Hyderabad is very pleasant. Temperature in Hyderabad ranges from 11°C to 42°C.
Electricity
Usually 220 volts AC, 50Hz some areas have a DC supply. Plugs used are of the round two and three pin type. Adapters and voltage converters come handy if plan to operate electrical and electronic appliances
Telephone
International Direct Dialling service is widely available all over India.

Otherwise calls must be placed through the international operator. Country code: 91. Outgoing international code: 00. Hyderabad City code: 40.
Mobile Telephone
India operates on GSM 900 networks. Coverage is extensive. Your cell phone should support GSM 900.

How to reach

The capital city of Hyderabad is well connected to most major Indian cities and some overseas. Secunderabad main station is well connected to all cities of the country.
By Air
Hyderabad is well connected to national and international destinations with both national and international air carriers. Needless to say you can reach anywhere from Hyderabad in no time. Hyderabad is centrally located and exudes a huge potential to be transformed into a transit hub of South Asia

By Rail
Being the head quarter of South Central Railway, Hyderabad is well connected from all major cities of India. There are railway stations at Hyderabad (Nampally) and Kachiguda also. Trains leaving from these two stations can be boarded at Secunderabad railway station.

By Road
Hyderbad, being Capital city is well connected by Road from all major cities in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Maharastra and Orissa.

Universities

Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)
Dr B R Ambedkar Open University (BRAOU)
English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU), Hyderabad
This institution is also popular as EFL University, Central Institute of English and Foreign Language (CIEFL)
International Institute Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad (JNTU Hyderabad)
Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS)
Osmania University (OU)
Osmania University PGRR Centre for Distance Education (OU PGRR CDE)
Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University (PSTU)
University of Hyderabad (UoH)
Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU)
Pragati Maha Vidyalaya
University College for Women
Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)
Dr B R Ambedkar Open University
English and Foreign Languages University
International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT-H)
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
National Academy of Legal Studies & Research University - NALSAR University of Law
Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS)
Osmania University PGRR Centre for Distance Education (OU PGRR CDE), Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh


Popular Distance Education Universities

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
Annamalai University - Directorate of Distance Education
Institute of Distance Education - University of Madras
Mahatma Gandhi University - School of Distance Education
Achaya Nagarjuna University Center for Distance Education
Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University (PSTU), Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
University of Hyderabad (UoH), Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education (IFHE), IFHE Campus Donthanapally Shankarapalli Road, Hyderabad

Tourism

Charminar
Ph: 23522990
Visiting Hours: 9 am - 5.30 pm
The Charminar is as much the signature of Hyderabad as the Taj Mahal is of Agra or the Eiffel Tower is of Paris. Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah, the founder of Hyderabad, built Charminar in 1591 at the centre of the original city layout. It is said to be built as a charm to ward off a deadly epidemic raging at that time. Four graceful minarets soar to a height of 48.7 m above the ground. Charminar has 45 prayer spaces and a mosque in it. Visitors can view the architectural splendour inside the Charminar. The monument is illuminated in the evenings and a pedestrianisation project around the monument is under implementation.

Mecca Masjid
A two hundred yards southwest of the Charminar is the Mecca Masjid, so named because the bricks were brought from Mecca to build the central arch. The Qutb Shahis never finished the building of the mosque, which was completed by Aurangzeb in 1694.

Laad Baazar
This is famous, colorful shopping centre of the old city, tucked away in one of the streets leading off from Charminar. Bridal wear, Pearls and the traditional Hyderabadi glass and stone studded bangles are sold here.

Golconda Fort

Ph:23512401

Golconda is one of the famous forts of India. The name originates from the Telugu words "Golla Konda" meaning "Shepherd's Hill". The origins of the fort can be traced back to the Yadava dynasty of Deogiri and the Kakatiyas of Warangal. Golconda was originally a mud fort, which passed to the Bahmani dynasty and later to the Qutb Shahis, who held it from 1518 to 1687 A.D. The first three Qutb Shahi kings rebuilt Golconda, over a span of 62 years. The fort is famous for its acoustics, palaces, ingenious water supply system and the famous Fateh Rahben gun, one of the cannons used in the last siege of Golconda by Aurangzeb, to whom the fort ultimately fell.

Sound & Light Show at Golconda Fort

Ph: 23512401

The glorious past of Golconda Fort is narrated effectively with matchless Sound and Light effects. The unique Sound & Light Show takes you right back in time, when Golconda was full of life, glory and grandeur.

Qutb Shahi Tombs

The tombs of the legendary Qutb Shahi kings lie about a kilometre away from Banjara Darwaza of the Golconda Fort. Planned and built by the Qutb Shahis themselves, these tombs are said to be the oldest historical monuments in Hyderabad. They form a large group and stand on a raised platform. The tombs are built in Persian, Pathan and Hindu architectural styles using grey granite, with stucco ornamentation, the only one of its kind in the world where an entire dynasty has been buried at one place.

Taramati Baradari

Ph: 23520172
Visiting Hours: 8 am - 9.30 pm

Taramati Baradari is located at Ibrahimbagh, on the Osman Sagar (Gandipet) Road, close to Golconda. The complex is spread over a sprawling 7-acre area amidst lush green environs with the backdrop of the famed Golconda Fort. The heritage monument built by the Seventh Sultan of Golconda is accessed from the complex.

With two fully equipped theatres, Taramati Baradari Culture Village is the perfect venue for music concerts, performing arts, social events etc. The Baradari illuminated in dynamic lighting forms the backdrop of all activities.

Birla Mandir

Ph: 23233259

This white marble temple of Lord Venkateshwara floats on the city skyline, on Kala Pahad. The idol in the temple is a replica of the one at Tirumala Tirupati..

Salar Jung Museum

Ph: 24523211
Visiting Hours: 10 am - 5 pm (Friday Closed)

This museum houses one of the biggest one-man collections of antiques of the world by Mir Yousuf Ali Khan, Salar Jung III. The objects d’art include Persian carpets, Moghal miniatures, Chinese porcelain, Japanese lacquerware, famous statues including the Veiled Rebecca and Marguerite and Mephistopheles, a superb collection of jade, daggers belonging to Queen Noor Jahan and the Emperors Jahangir and Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb’s sword and many other fabulous items.


AP State Archaeological Museum

Ph: 23234942
Visiting Hours : 10.30 am - 5 pm (Friday Closed)

A visit to the Andhra Pradesh State Archaeological Museum is a delight for art lovers. Located in the picturesque Public Gardens, the museum boasts of one of the richest repositories of antiques and art objects in the country. Built in 1920 by the Nizam VII, the museum building itself is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. The museum contains a Buddhist gallery, Brahmanical & Jain gallery, Bronze gallery, Arms & Armour gallery, Numismatics gallery, Ajanta gallery and more. Adjacent to the State Museum is the Contemporary Art Museum.


Public Gardens:

Hyderabad has several beautiful gardens, one of the most popular being the Public Gardens, which also encloses the State Legislature, State Archaeological Museum, Jubilee Hall, Jawahar Bal Bhavan and Telugu Lalita Kala Thoranam, an open-air theatre.

Nehru Zoological Park

Ph: 24477355
Visiting Hours: (Monday Closed)

Spanning 300 lush green acres, the Nehru Zoological Park is a must for nature lovers. It has over 250 species of animals and birds, most of which are kept in conditions as close to their natural habitats as possible. This is the first zoo to create moated enclosures for animals. The Lion Safari Park, Natural History Museum and Children’s Train are the added attractions.

Mir Alam Tank:

Mir Alam Tank is a large lake adjacent to Nehru Zoological Park. AP Tourism operates boats on the lake, for which one has to enter through the Zoo.

Shilparamam

Ph: 23100455
Visiting Hours:

Another attraction at Madhapur besides Hi-tec city in Hyderabad is the 30-acre village, which showcases arts and crafts of the country. India is an ocean of various arts and crafts but the talent of most of the artisans and artists goes unrecognized. To encourage them and give the necessary boost to their art, the crafts village hosts annual bazaars, where artists and artisans from all over the country exhibit their talent.


Hitec City

One of the modern monuments of trade and technology, it embodies the newfound attitude of Hyderabad and today finds a place of pride. Situated on the outskirts of the city, it is the nucleus of Cyberabad, the IT destination in this part of the world. Cyber Towers is the main building here.

insagar Lake

Excavated in 1562 A.D. by Hussain Shah Wali during the time of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah, the lake has a promenade that is a busy thoroughfare today. Boating and water sports are a regular feature in the Hussainsagar. One of the World’s tallest monolithic statues of the Buddha stands on the ‘Rock of Gibraltar’, in the middle of the lake. Added to all these, AP Tourism has additional boating facilities like speed boats, motor boats, 48 seater launch etc. Starlit dinner on-board and private parties also can be arranged on the Launch.

Surroundings of Hussainsagar Lake provide marvellous entertainment options like NTR Gardens, Necklace Road, Tank Bund, Prasads Multiplex, Lumbini Park, Sanjeevaiah Park etc.,

The Nizam'S Silver Jubilee Museum

Ph: 23555072

The stately Purani Haveli, the palace acquired around the year 1750 by the second Nizam, is now converted into a museum with a fascinating collection. The museum exhibits the gifts and mementos presented to the last Nizam on the occasion of the silver jubilee celebrations in 1937. A 1930 Rolls Royce, Packard and a Mark V Jaguar are among the vintage cars displayed. There is an interesting collection of models made in silver of all the prominent buildings of the city and citations in Urdu about H.E.H. Mir Osman Ali Khan, gold burnished wooden throne used for the silver jubilee celebrations, gold tiffin box inlaid with diamonds, and a gold model of Jubilee Pavilion.


Chow Mohalla Palace

Ph:
Visiting Hours :

Built in several phases by the Nizams in between 1857-1869, this is now one of the heritage buildings. The complex comprises four palaces in Moghal and European styles, of which the main palace is double storeyed with the others being single-storeyed blocks.


Durgam Cheruvu

Ph:23110523
Visiting Hours:9 am - 8.30 pm

The ‘Secret Lake’ is situated close to Shilparamam Crafts Village and Hitec City, behind Jubilee Hills. AP Tourism organizes boating in the lake. ‘Something Fishy’, a bar at Secret Lake (Durgam Cheruvu)


Chilkur Balaji Temple

The Balaji Temple is located at Chilkur in the Hyderabad district. It is 33 Kms away from Mehdipatnam. Approximately 75,000 to 1,00,000 devotees visit in a week. Generally temple gets heavy rush on Saturdays and Sundays. Set in sylvan surroundings, the temple attracts thousands of pilgrims every year and is an ideal place for sequestered retreat and meditation.


Mrugavani National Park

Located at Chilkur, 25 km. from Hyderabad, the park contains the endemic flora of Hyderabad and is an urban refuge for small mammals like wildboar, jungle cat etc. and birds.


Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park

Located 15 Km. from Hyderabad, the park has more than 350 black bucks, 400 cheetals and a number of wild boars, small mammals, reptiles and over 100 species of birds.


Hyderabad Botanical Gardens

The first Botanical Gardens in Andhra Pradesh, spread over 120 acres. Already open to public is the first phase, with the completion of some sections. The sections include medicinal plants, timber trees, fruit trees, ornamental plants, aquatic plants and bamboos. The Park has been designed to have large water bodies, Rolling Meadows, natural forests, rich grasslands and exquisite rock formations.


Osmansagar Lake

Osmansagar, better known as Gandipet, on the outskirts of Hyderabad is an excellent picnic spot. Osmansagar is one of the two lakes on the city’s periphery that supplies drinking water to the great metropolis. The lake is a reservoir created by a dam across the Isa, a tributary of the River Musi. Abutting the lake and the bund are lush gardens that provide the ideal ambience for an outing. Overlooking the lake is the heritage building, Sagar Mahal, built as a resort by the Nizam of Hyderabad and converted now into a lake resort managed by AP Tourism.


Shamirpet

Located 24 km to the north of Secunderabad, Shamirpet has a beautiful lake and a deer park. Its peaceful environs make it a great picnic spot. AP Tourism offers comfortable cottage facilities for accommodation, while the forest lodges can be booked with the AP Forest Department office at Saifabad.


Food
A 400-year history is behind the culinary delights of Hyderabadi food. It evolved in the kitchens of the Nizams, who elevated food to a sublime art form. Hyderabad cuisine is highly influenced by Mughals and partially by Arabic, Turkish and Irani food where rice, wheat and spices are widely used to great effect.

Hyderabadi Biryani

Hyderabadi Biryani is Hyderabad's most famous meat-and-rice dish; the Nizams served some 26 varieties of biryanis for their guests. An authentic Hyderabad meal invariably includes a mutton biryani. Hyderabadi Biryanis incorporating chicken, lamb or vegetables instead of mutton are also popular. Any person who visits Hyderabad should not leave till they taste the biryani, in its original form or at least in one of its alternate forms.

Highlights

Metro rail project
Hyderabad Metro Rail project covers three high density traffic corridors of Hyderabad - (1) Miyapur-LB Nagar (28.87 km - 27 stations); (2) JBS-Falaknuma (14.78 km - 16 stations); & (3) Nagole-Shilparamam (27.51 km - 23 stations). Total: 71.16 km; 66 stations. The cost of the Project as approved by GoI is12, 132 crore. The Project is in public private partnership (ppp) mode on design, build, and finance, operate and transfer (DBFOT) basis..

Rajiv Gandhi International airport

Rajiv Gandhi Internationa Airport (IATA HYD,ICAO VOHS) also known as Hyderabad International Airport is an international airport near Shamshabad, about 22km (14mi) south of downtownHyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India .

The airport is named after formerPrime Minister of India ,Rajiv Gandhi . It replaced the formerBegumpet Airport. Commercial flight operations began at 12:01am on 23 March 2008. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is the second public-private partnership venture in the Indian airports, the first being the Cochin International Airport. For the financial year 2010–11, it was the sixth busiest airport in the country in terms of international and overall passenger traffic.


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